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憲法第八條 集體經濟

發布時間:2022-03-21 08:53:11 作者:本站編輯 來源:本站原創 瀏覽次數:

Rural collective economic organizations shall?practice a two-tiered system of both unified and separate operations with household contract management as its basis. Rural economic cooperatives —?producer, supply and marketing, credit and consumer cooperatives —?are part of the socialist economy under collective ownership?by the working people. Working people who belong to rural collective economic organizations shall have the right, within the scope?prescribed by law, to farm cropland and hillsides allotted to them for their private use, engage in household sideline production, and raise privately owned livestock. 

The various forms of cooperative economic activities in cities and towns, such as those in the handicraft, industrial, building, transport, commercial and service trades,?shall?all be part of?the socialist economy under collective ownership by the working people.

The state shall protect the lawful rights and interests of urban and rural collective economic organizations and shall encourage, guide and assist the growth of the collective sector of the economy.


農村集體經濟組織實行家庭承包經營為基礎、統分結合的雙層經營體制。農村中的生產、供銷、信用、消費等各種形式的合作經濟,是社會主義勞動群眾集體所有制經濟。參加農村集體經濟組織的勞動者,有權在法律規定的范圍內經營自留地、自留山、家庭副業和飼養自留畜。

城鎮中的手工業、工業、建筑業、運輸業、商業、服務業等行業的各種形式的合作經濟,都是社會主義勞動群眾集體所有制經濟。

國家保護城鄉集體經濟組織的合法的權利和利益,鼓勵、指導和幫助集體經濟的發展。



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